How glass fiber is shaping the internet

ਨੂੰ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਸ਼ਿਤ ਕੀਤਾ ਗਿਆ 21 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2021
ਦ੍ਰਿਸ਼ 148 524

All modern means of communication rely on glass. From the Gorilla glass on our phones to the infotainment screens on our cars. But when I think of the internet I think of 5G, Starlink satellites, and WiFi, and I never think about the 750,000 miles of fiber optic cables currently running under our oceans: the tiny strands of glass that carry all of our photos, emails, and video chats. It is through these hair-thin strands of fiber that we are able to instantly communicate to almost anyone, anywhere, and it all relies on a 5,000-year-old technology: glass.
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The Verge
  • The Verge

    The Verge

    14 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    What’s your actual fastest internet speed at home and where are you from?

    • andy mao

      andy mao

      19 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

      1g up and down via fiber

    • Mr. Rulz

      Mr. Rulz

      2 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

      13.0 Mbit / s download speed 1.79 Mbit / s upload speed GERMANY thank you Merkel

    • philZ03


      2 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

      400mbps down 40mbps up Belgium

    • Everly Larche

      Everly Larche

      3 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

      150 down, 40 up - Vancouver Island BC, Canada

    • True Indian

      True Indian

      3 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

      India 200mbps up and down Lowest cost plan of 10 dollars per month

  • Stephan Yaz

    Stephan Yaz

    ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    call me bud one more time

  • Alesandro Ortiz

    Alesandro Ortiz

    10 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The fiber's sound at 1:55 is soooo fun.

  • Younes Rabeh

    Younes Rabeh

    ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The comments section be like :
    😑 B U D S 😑

  • Sam Speer

    Sam Speer

    ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    So... where does the sand that makes the glass come from? What are the environmental ramifications of our fiber-optic civilization?

    • m. m. k.

      m. m. k.

      ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

      The Sand we are useing to bulid stuff is more of a problem than better technologie Copper also doesnt come with 0 ramification

  • Aditya Baxla

    Aditya Baxla

    ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    what is buds?
    im i a bud?
    you bud?

  • Martin Gamez

    Martin Gamez

    2 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I’m not your bud, pal.

  • Sanjay Potdar

    Sanjay Potdar

    2 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    There should be a buds counter.

  • Rex Cosmos

    Rex Cosmos

    4 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Why’d you guys change the thumbnail?

  • dondrap513


    4 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Stop calling us buds.

  • Jonas _

    Jonas _

    6 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Glass fiber. One of the rarest things in germany. 80-90 % is copper 😔

  • International Trailers

    International Trailers

    6 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Am so glad am using a great smartphone

  • Michael P

    Michael P

    7 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    So freaking cool! I love science. We need more of this!

  • Jonas Hamill

    Jonas Hamill

    7 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    You keep talking about how the data travels by electrons and even mention that they very slowly along the wire and this is true. But they actually move much too slowly to send data along. This is is where your error is. Data is not sent along as electrons flow but actually as a wave, which is much faster. One electron 'bumping' into another etc can send a signal much faster than sending electrons down a wire.

  • Elijah M. Stephenson

    Elijah M. Stephenson

    7 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Did you just say binary is "like morse-code"? Tf? Don't talk down to your audience jesus christ

  • Guy Darj

    Guy Darj

    8 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I am surprised that I hadn't seen this channel till date...
    'Liked and subscribed' ... Keep up the good work 🙂

  • Carlos Guerra

    Carlos Guerra

    8 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Don EVER stop calling me "buds"

  • Aamir Afzal

    Aamir Afzal

    8 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    She has to stop saying buds

  • Joe Dombrowski

    Joe Dombrowski

    8 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    More of this! Becca's videos are best videos, and Becca doing something that isn't an earbud review is basically the best.

  • volando34


    9 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I'm not your bud, pal!

  • Cristobal Ruiz

    Cristobal Ruiz

    9 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Transoceanic cables have existed for decades. Thanks for sharing!

  • Samsemilia vanowen

    Samsemilia vanowen

    9 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ


  • Daniel Rayner

    Daniel Rayner

    9 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Great video. Thank you

  • FlyEnri


    10 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    This was too good Becca! Awesome video!

  • Joshua Phillips

    Joshua Phillips

    10 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    So I have to interrupt what I'm watching just to add this to watch later?
    That's SOME advanced civilisation we live in.

  • kenz


    10 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Great video

  • Santosh Managuli

    Santosh Managuli

    10 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    NICE... Thank you for this video

  • anhadbhurji


    10 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Shoutout Dr. Narinder Singh Kapany, considered the "father of fiber optics" as well as for coining the term "fiber optics"!

  • pgp


    10 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    This video is sponsored by Raycon Ear *b* *u* *d* *s*



    10 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Buds, it's been used for ages what's new?

  • Nithin Ravi

    Nithin Ravi

    10 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ


  • Falmer


    10 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ


  • Soham


    10 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I spent 4 years for learning this.

  • Delta Beta

    Delta Beta

    10 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    This guy still hasn't hit puberty?

  • Ben Williamson .177

    Ben Williamson .177

    10 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I like wi-fi because it allows wireless underwater

  • Jack Ames

    Jack Ames

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ


  • Neojhun


    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The Verge Science style is soo refined. It really should be just part of main Verge like the flagship show. This was a good example.

  • Michael Shermanheld

    Michael Shermanheld

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    You are such a well-spoken & intriguing presenter. This was awesomely articulated, and hope to see even more from you, Becca on the Verge! Glad I subscribed 👍🏼

  • Madonna Hanna

    Madonna Hanna

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    One of the most interesting videos ever😍😍

  • Eric Brown

    Eric Brown

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I’m not your bud, pal.

  • Cassia


    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    pleasingly sciencey!

  • Fabrice Neuman

    Fabrice Neuman

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Mind blowing video! Thanks.

  • Marian Mauel

    Marian Mauel

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Germanys internet still runs on copper in big parts of the country. All because of our chancellor back in the 80s who made a backroom deal with a friend of his who ran some TV stations to sideline glass fiber expansion and lay more copper because it was cheaper and apparently more beneficial to TV signals. So its nice and all that this tech is evolving, but god damn politicians man...

  • Téva D

    Téva D

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ


  • Kanan Ramakrishnan

    Kanan Ramakrishnan

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    nice one

  • rushi butley

    rushi butley

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Well i was expecting it to be more but then video come to an end.

  • Aerlevsedi


    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Take a shot every time she says "buds".

  • isra mintTM

    isra mintTM

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    you gotta stop saying "buds"

  • iamallwell


    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Great video! Nice to know glass in very important in technology and in our day. I believe we are still in the Age of Glass.

  • iamallwell


    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    She said "labour of love." She's Christian.

  • Eric Tingkingco

    Eric Tingkingco

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    This is awesome. Unbelievable!!

  • RIP iran

    RIP iran

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    hairy hands:D

  • TL


    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Awesome stuff! Thanks for making this.

  • prakhar tomar

    prakhar tomar

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Hello, fellow buds.

  • saad mahmood

    saad mahmood

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    7:52 hollow in the middle will create more fast network?😶

  • Animesh Deshmukh

    Animesh Deshmukh

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ


  • Nik da Silva

    Nik da Silva

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    You know that sand (for production of other goods) is getting more and more difficult to get?

  • Shagith shagithyan

    Shagith shagithyan

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ


  • Alzy


    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I thought she's a boy because the audio was mute.

  • Bannicus


    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I've gotta nitpick. The signal in a copper cable travels extremely fast. Very close to the speed of light in a vacuum. Light in a glass fibre is ~30% slower than that. Glass fibre adds significant latency over long distances and this is a huge problem. Low Earth orbit satellite networks will achieve better latency than glass despite a larger circumference round the Earth. Optical fibres are used for their low attenuation and some other benefits. If developers can get the distance and reliability out of copper or aluminium you we might see fibre optics being overlaid with traditional cables for latency sensitive applications. Hollow core fibre would also solve this. You can put multiple frequencies down a normal cable just the same. Electrical signals are still waves. They're not counting electrons coming through.

  • Remy P

    Remy P

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I understood like 5 things in this video but it was cool

  • invitapriore


    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I'm suddenly feeling a lot less anxious about busting my TOSLINK cables.

  • David


    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Can you please never used “buds” in a video? Stop trying to make it happen.

  • Banana


    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    That analogy is spot-on! Great content 👍

  • Y2Kvids


    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    When Indoors , always wear a mask.

  • Sourav Swastik

    Sourav Swastik

    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    It was amazing Becca! Didn't know we're gonna need more than 1.4TB/sec speed in the near future but thanks for telling us. 🤩

  • LimitedWard


    11 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    That alphabet analogy was amazing!

  • Aathreya Shenoy

    Aathreya Shenoy

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Starlink tries to send data without a medium that's a cool innovation too!

  • Tariqur Rahman

    Tariqur Rahman

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Becca is by far the coolest TechTuber in the realm; her video is the one which makes you think and she is the one who makes it fun.
    Nilay needs to have Becca more on Vergecast

  • Victor


    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Call me bud one more time. BUDD!!

  • ceber54


    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    You can also generate quantum entangled photons with optical fibre. E.g. with photonic optical fibre (or polarization maintaining fibre) using a pulsed laser. I know that because i've implemented such systems in the lab.

    • ceber54


      12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

      Also it's very fun to work with optical fibre! cut them or coupling them too!

  • Jean-Marc Abela

    Jean-Marc Abela

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    that was great!

  • Cody Ghind

    Cody Ghind

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    "Buds" is a reason by itself to stop watching her videos.

  • jigil jigil

    jigil jigil

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    This is the kind of content I expect from the Verge, going out, doing some interviews, showing some labs, people and scientists, instead of sitting in front of camera lecturing your audience after gathering some info from Wikipedia. good job 👍

  • Vedraj r.m

    Vedraj r.m

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    When you think about internet, you don’t think about optic fibre?
    That’s the first thing I think about

  • saeid


    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Great video. But what’s with the EXTREME usage of the word “buds” or “bud”? I feel like it takes away from the professionalism of the video. I understand you “buds” might be trying to make it more down to earth. But it feels forced. Keep up the good work.

  • supernumex


    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Please stop saying buds so much. One or two is fine, but it was distracting in this video.

  • walkin mn

    walkin mn

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    This was a great video Becca and congrats to the team, I was exoecting another videoon the subject who talk about the lines between continents (which is a really interesting subject, but there ae already many videos about it) but was pleasantly surprised with the take, I wished you could do a series on this because I would like to know more about the preform and Shannon's limit but overall a great video

  • KIA


    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    You're really missing making videos about wireless earbuds, aren't you?

  • Aaron Schwarz

    Aaron Schwarz

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Multiplexing hundreds of colors of light over single fibers, in bundles for huge data throughput ^^

  • Nehemiah Dacres

    Nehemiah Dacres

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    that's a REALLY good Analogy!

  • Joseph MacKenzie

    Joseph MacKenzie

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    What a great explanation of bandwidth with the paper/font/alphabet explanation. My son just ate this video up. Maybe he will overcome the bandwidth limitations of fiber some day! Thank you for thoughtful content like this.

  • Mangolite


    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I need fiber optic glass sheet for my phone so it won’t break!

  • Justin Janki

    Justin Janki

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Such a great story about our modern world, and surprised there's so few views! Well done on this topic, certainly learnt a lot more than I thought I knew about fibre optics

  • TrippyMind


    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Who is bud?

  • Seema Pandey

    Seema Pandey

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The Hipster "Tech" people don't know much about tech. Just what user experience tech companies provide, not actually the technology behind it. Good for the verge to give out an actual bit of information about technology.

  • Phree Will

    Phree Will

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    some new info for me from Nokia. first time liking a video in years. thanks

  • Lukas Murmann

    Lukas Murmann

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Stop saying Buds so much....

  • Jesus F.C.

    Jesus F.C.

    12 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Glass age, the most minimalist age in the history

  • Guto Bernardo

    Guto Bernardo

    13 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Meanwhile my Chromecast 2 is displaying this video im 480p on a full HD TV :( even though I have 300mbps 5ghz WiFi, technology sadly is slower getting into our homes

  • Aquins Varghese

    Aquins Varghese

    13 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Stop saying buds

  • Dany Cardenas

    Dany Cardenas

    13 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I have never need call “bud” more in my life

  • jmklamm


    13 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Bud... I feel like on on the receiving end of an internal joke right meow...

  • apostolos viol

    apostolos viol

    13 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Very professional work, you asked the proper questions. From every single point of view your work was AMAZING. I don’t know your name but try to keep it up!!!!!! Much love from Greece ❤️

  • Luigi Malucelli

    Luigi Malucelli

    13 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I used to have 250Mbps back in Brazil, buuuut I was living in a high income neighborhood in a state capital.

  • Robert Taylor

    Robert Taylor

    13 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Stop trying to make buds happen :)

  • George Peios

    George Peios

    13 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ


  • KirkyDaTurkey


    13 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Great video Becca! Though maybe less "buds" next time haha. Keep up the solid content 🙌

  • exklim


    13 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    He’s cool

  • Navaneeth Anand

    Navaneeth Anand

    13 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Nice dumbing down